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Geography & Travel

Planet Earth contains some extraordinarily diverse environments, some of which are easily habitable and some not so much. In different areas of Earth, one might find sweltering deserts, dense tropical rainforests, or bone-chilling tundras. Each biome and habitat comes with its own selection of flora and fauna, and it may include physical features such as canyons, volcanoes, rivers, or caves. Human beings have built homes in many different environments, settling the area and organizing it into units such as cities, states, regions, and countries, each with its own points of interest. Shifting trends in human migration have resulted in a human geography that is profoundly different from that of centuries ago.
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Featured content, March 14, 2021

How Do Deserts Form?
What weather conditions cause deserts to form?
Demystified / Geography & Travel
Camel caravan moving across the Sahara desert sand dunes, Morocco, North Africa
What Is Known (and Not Known) About the Bermuda Triangle
People have been trying to solve the “mystery” of the Bermuda Triangle for years. Here’s what we know (and don’t know) about...
Companion / Geography & Travel
Big Sur. Pacific Ocean. Waves. Beach. Point Sur on the Pacific coastline near Big Sur, California.
Boston: 10 Claims to Fame
Explore some of Boston’s bizarre and classic claims to fame!
List / Geography & Travel
Sailboats in Boston Harbor in front of the financial district of Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Why New York Is Called "The Big Apple" and How 8 Other Famous Cities Got Their Nicknames
What’s so apple-y about New York, anyway?
#WTFact / Geography & Travel
Sydney Opera House, Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.
Mountain
Mountain, landform that rises prominently above its surroundings, generally exhibiting steep slopes, a relatively confined...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Mount Sir Donald
Lake
Lake, any relatively large body of slowly moving or standing water that occupies an inland basin of appreciable size. Definitions...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Lake Ann in North Cascades National Park, Washington
Glacier
Glacier, any large mass of perennial ice that originates on land by the recrystallization of snow or other forms of solid...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Perito Moreno Glacier
Asia
Asia, the world’s largest and most diverse continent. It occupies the eastern four-fifths of the giant Eurasian landmass....
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Asia

Geography & Travel Quizzes

Panama Canal. Boat. Shipping. Ship and shipping. Container ship passing through the Panama Canal.
Strange Geographical Features: Fact or Fiction?
What is the world’s southernmost city? How many capitals does Bolivia have? Test your knowledge of strange geography facts...
Highland (Cape Cod) Light, Truro, Massachusetts.
Know Your Capes
Which cape is home to Kennedy Space Center? Which cape forms the northernmost part of Australia? Test your geography knowledge...
James Dean in "Rebel without a Cause" (1955), directed by Nicholas Ray.
Final Resting Places
You may know their lives, but do you know their deaths? Test your knowledge of these famous final resting places.
Borujerd, Iran.
Geography of Iran
What is the tallest mountain in Iran? What islands belong to Iran? Test your knowledge with this quiz.
The Dome of the Rock and the Western Wall (also called  the Wailing Wall), Jerusalem.
Jerusalem
Do you think you know the history of this ancient city? Test your knowledge with this quiz.
Mediterranean sea and aerial view of Antalya, Turkey.
Earth’s Seas
Do you think you know everything about Earth’s seas? Test your knowledge with this quiz.
Mount Kenya in Mount Kenya National Park is the highest mountain in Africa. UNESCO World Heritage Site. Giant Lobelia in foreground.  (Mt. Kenya; Mt. Kenya National Park;  mountains; rugged mountain; African geography, African landscape, stratovolcano)
Africa’s Physical Features
Can you identify the location of some of Africa’s noted physical features? Match the feature to the country it’s found in.
Blurred motion outside Victoria Station in Mumbia, India. Central Station Mumbai, Mumbai CST, Victoria Terminus, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus.
Geography of India
How much do you know about India’s geography? Test your knowledge with this quiz.
Downtown Cleveland after sunset. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum (left). Museum and hall of fame in Cleveland that celebrates the history and cultural significance of rock music
Cleveland
Don’t think there is anything to know about Cleveland? Take this quiz and see how wrong you are.
Chicago skyline at sunset, Illinois
Chicago
Do you think you know all there is to know about Chicago? Test your knowledge with this quiz.
Image Gallery
Geography & Travel
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Geography & Travel Subcategories

Riyadh Cities & Towns
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Ukraine Countries of the World
Although there isn’t universal agreement on the question of what qualifies as a “country,” it is generally accepted that in order to be a country, a state must be a sovereign unit that has a permanent population, defined territorial boundaries, a government, and the ability to enter into agreements with other states. Even when these conditions are met, however, internationally recognized independence is not a given, and a territorial entity that declares itself to be an independent country is not always recognized as such by the rest of the world.
Articles
ancient Rome Historical Places
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument Highways & Trails
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Distribution of North American Plateau Indians Human Geography
Since 1945 human geography has contained five main divisions. The first four—economic, social, cultural, and political—reflect both the main areas of contemporary life and the social science disciplines with which geographers interact (i.e., economics, sociology, anthropology, and political science and international relations, respectively); the fifth is historical geography.
Articles
Some of the pictorial signs used at the 1984 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles, Calif. Languages
Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. The functions of language include communication, the expression of identity, play, imaginative expression, and emotional release.
Articles
Mount St. Helens volcano Physical Geography of Land
Earth’s geographic history has been one marked by significant overall change, with ice ages, continental drift, and other major disruptions ultimately shaping Earth's land into the landscape of mountain ranges, deserts, islands, and volcanoes that we see today.
Articles
Arctic. Greenland. North Pole. Political map: boundaries, cities. Includes locator. Physical Geography of Water
Whether it's Lake Michigan, the Gulf of Panama, or the River Thames, bodies of water of all shapes and sizes can be found around the globe, and they play a critical role for human beings, who use such bodies of water as a source of drinking water, a means of transporting both goods and people themselves, or a place to engage in water sports, among a plethora of other possible uses. Additionally, many bodies of water provide striking scenes of natural beauty and house important marine ecosystems. Satiate your thirst for knowledge about Earth's oceans, lakes, seas, rivers, waterfalls, bays, and more.
Articles
Hiker in Sequoia National Park in the Sierra Nevada, east-central California. Nature Reserves & National Parks
Nature reserves are areas set aside for the purpose of preserving and protecting plants and animals, particularly endangered species. National parks may effectively serve a similar purpose by shielding threatened species from hunters, but these parks can also be created for the purpose of public recreation, affording its visitors a chance to be immersed in a protected natural environment. Many national parks have been created in the last 100 years, including Yellowstone National Park, the oldest and probably the best-known national park in the United States.
Articles
Flag of Queensland States & Other Subdivisions
Every nation has its own subdivisions to demarcate smaller political units within its territory. Counties, districts, oblasts, polis, nomos, unitary authorities, boroughs, and cities are all examples (among many others) of how land can be organized.
Articles
Northern Africa. Political/Physical map: regional, elevation. Geographic Regions
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Big Ben Tourist Attractions
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
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