Question: In 1641 which of England’s American colonies became the first to recognize slavery as a legal institution?
Answer: In 1641 Massachusetts became the first of England’s American colonies to legalize slavery, through the passage of the Body of Liberties.
Question: In 1865 which state became the first of the former Confederate states to enact laws, known as black codes, that severely limited the rights and liberties of Black people?
Answer: In 1865 Mississippi became the first of the former Confederate states to enact laws, known as black codes, that severely limited the rights and liberties of Black people. Intended to secure a steady supply of cheap labor in the absence of chattel slavery, the black codes included harsh vagrancy laws, limitations on the kinds of property that could be owned by Black Americans, and a ban on interracial marriage.
Question: What year did Kentucky ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, which was ratified by three-fourths of the U.S. states in 1865?
Answer: The Thirteenth Amendment, which abolished slavery, was ratified by the required three-fourths of the U.S. states in 1865. Kentucky was not one of those states. It didn’t ratify the amendment until 1976.
Question: Which of the American colonies’ courts decided that a child born to an enslaved mother was automatically enslaved?
Answer: In 1662 Virginia law established that children of enslaved Black mothers were automatically born into enslavement.
Question: Which of the American colonies had the largest enslaved population by the 18th century?
Answer: Rhode Island had the largest enslaved population by the 18th century. Its colonial government attempted to pass laws giving enslaved inhabitants the same rights as indentured servants but was ultimately unsuccessful.
Question: What year did the Massachusetts Bay Colony pass laws differentiating slave labor from the contract labor of indentured servants, taking away the rights of enslaved people?
Answer: The Massachusetts Bay Colony passed laws in 1641 that created a distinction between the labor of enslaved people and that of indentured servants. As a result, many rights of enslaved people, who had once held similar privileges to indentured workers, disappeared.
Question: What year were enslaved Africans first brought to Virginia, beginning a long-term slave trade between Africa and English (later British) North America?
Answer: Enslaved Africans were first brought to Virginia in 1619—the beginning of a long-term slave trade between Africa and English (later British) North America.
Question: By 1775 how many of the 2.5 million inhabitants of Britain’s 13 American colonies were enslaved?
Answer: By 1775, 500,000 of the 13 colonies’ 2.5 million inhabitants were enslaved.
Question: In 1829 free Black people living in which two U.S. states could be charged with a crime and sentenced to death for distributing antislavery materials there?
Answer: As a result of laws passed in 1829, free Black people in Georgia and Mississippi who distributed antislavery materials, such as pamphlets, there could be charged with a crime and sentenced to death.